How I would set up Laravel with Docker

docker laravel-2 php laravel web-development

Update: since my writing of this post, an officially-supported package has been released for developing Laravel in a Docker environment. It’s called Sail, and I would now recommend that way. (Keep this post just for historical)

This is a quick brain dump for myself to remember how I set up Laravel with Docker. Hopefully it can help others out also.

I tried to avoid Docker for the longest time due to the ease of just running php artisan serve. However, when you have some dependancies that your site will rely on, Docker can be helpful — especially when having multiple developers — in getting up and running with the whole codebase easier.

This post assumes you have setup a basic Laravel project on a Linux computer, and have both Docker and Docker Compose installed locally.

What will this project use?

This is only a basic example to get up and running with the following dependancies. You can add more items to your docker-compose.yml file as you need to.

Note: whatever you choose to name each extra service in your docker-compose.yml file, use its key as the reference point in your .env file.


Have a file in the project root, named `docker-compose.yml

version: "3.3"
    image: mysql:8.0
    restart: on-failure
      - .env
    image: nginx:1.15.3-alpine
    restart: on-failure
      - './public/:/usr/src/app'
      - './docker/nginx/default.conf:/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf:ro'
      - 80:80
      - .env
      - php
      context: .
      dockerfile: './docker/php/Dockerfile'
    restart: on-failure
      - .env
    user: ${LOCAL_USER}


Have a Dockerfile located here: ./docker/php/Dockerfile. I keep it in a separate folder for tidiness.

# ./docker/php/Dockerfile
FROM php:7.2-fpm
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql
RUN pecl install apcu-5.1.8
RUN docker-php-ext-enable apcu
RUN php -r "copy('', 'composer-setup.php');" \
    && php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '48e3236262b34d30969dca3c37281b3b4bbe3221bda826ac6a9a62d6444cdb0dcd0615698a5cbe587c3f0fe57a54d8f5') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;" \
    && php composer-setup.php --filename=composer \
    && php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');" \
    && mv composer /usr/local/bin/composer
WORKDIR /usr/src/app
COPY ./ /usr/src/app
RUN PATH=$PATH:/usr/src/app/vendor/bin:bin


Have a default.conf file for the project’s nginx container saved here: ./docker/nginx/default.conf

# ./docker/nginx/default.conf
server {
 server_name ~.*;
 location / {
     root /usr/src/app;
     try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;
 location ~ ^/index\.php(/|$) {
     client_max_body_size 50m;
     fastcgi_pass php:9000;
     fastcgi_buffers 16 16k;
     fastcgi_buffer_size 32k;
     include fastcgi_params;
     fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/src/app/public/index.php;
 error_log /dev/stderr debug;
 access_log /dev/stdout;

Add the necessary variables to your .env file

There are some variables used in the docker-compose.yml file that need to be added to the .env file. These could be added directly, but this makes it more straightforward for other developers to customise their own setup.


The MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD and MYSQL_DATABASE are self-explanatory, but theLOCAL_USER variable refers to the user id and group id of the currently logged in person on the host machine. This normally defaults to 1000 for both user and group.

If your user and/or group ids happen to be different, just alter the variable value.

Note: find out your own ids by opening your terminal and typing id followed by enter. You should see something like the following:

uid=1000(david) gid=1000(david) groups=1000(david),4(adm),27(sudo),1001(rvm)

uid and gid are the numbers you need, for user and group respectively.

Run it

Run the following two commands separately then once they are finished head to http:localhost to view the running code.

Note: This setup uses port 80 so you may need to disable any local nginx / apache that may be running currently.

docker-compose build
docker-compose up -d

Any mistakes or issues, just email me.

Thanks for reading.